AP Environmental ScienceLight_Bulb.jpg

Instructors: Mr. Kenneth Grant

mailto: kgrant@hyde.edu

Mr. Grant cell: (207) 522-7059



| | QuizStar: | Google Classroom: | | Proper MLA Formatting: | | Year-End Review PowerPoint: | APES Owed Homework: | | Unit 7: Energy Issues | Daily Assignments and Homework: | September 6 - 12, 2015 | September 13 - 19, 2015 | September 21 - 26 | | | September 28 - October 3 | file:APES Lesson 14 (5th Ed) Enviro Policy - An Overview & Science and the Environmental Process.pptx | October 5 - October 9 | October 12 - 16, 2015 | October 19 - 24, 2015 | October 26 - 31, 2015 | November 2 - 7, 2015 | November 8 - 14, 2015 | November 16 - 19, 2015 | December 1 - 5, 2015 | Unit 4: Agriculture, Land, Soil, and Urban Issues | | | Unit 5 - Water Issues | Unit 6: Humans and their Environmental Impact | Unit 7: Energy Issues | Archived Chapter Multiple Choices: | 2011-12 Class Pictures and Activity: | | | | Year Review | | Unit 6 - Humans and their Environmental Impact


QuizStar:

QuizStar_Title.gif QuizStar



Google Classroom:

AP Environmental Science 2015/16


Proper MLA Formatting:



Year-End Review PowerPoint:




APES Owed Homework:


  • Aaron Ayala
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Quiz

  • Aidan Bristow
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Lexi Demeter
    • Chapter 23 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 20 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 21 Multiple Choice

  • Adam Frankel
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 14 Quiz
    • Chapter 22 Quiz
    • Chapter 23 Quiz
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Jesse Higgins
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice

  • Ray Mao
    • Chapter 23 Quiz

  • Ben Mooney
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Brandon Nelson
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 21 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 23 Quiz
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Duncan O'Rourke
    • Chapter 23 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 14 Quiz
    • Chapter 22 Quiz
    • Chapter 23 Quiz
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Andrew Palermo
    • Chapter 22 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 23 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 20 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 21 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 14 Quiz
    • Chapter 22 Quiz
    • Chapter 23 Quiz
    • Chapter 19 Quiz
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Shawn (Guanhao) Shao
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 22 Quiz
    • Chapter 23 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Kelsey Talbutt
    • Chapter 20 Quiz
    • Chapter 21 Quiz

  • Brett VanVort
    • Chapter 23 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice
    • Chapter 22 Quiz

  • Julia Viegas
    • Chapter 19 Multiple Choice

Unit 7: Energy Issues


Chapter Multiple Choices:










Daily Assignments and Homework:


Monday, April 25

Tuesday, April 26


Thursday, April 28

    • Topic: Wind Power & Geothermal Energy
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 21 (594- 600)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the term ground source heat pumps (GSHPs).
      • Describe wind power and how we harness it, and evaluate its benefits and drawbacks.
      • Describe geothermal energy and the ways we make use of it, and assess its advantages and disadvantages.

Friday, April 29



Monday, May 2

    • APES College Board Exam

Tuesday, May 3

    • Topic: Seeking Solutions
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • TED - The man who helped usher in the environmental movement in the 1960s and '70s has been rethinking his positions on cities, nuclear power, genetic modification and geo-engineering. This talk at the US State Department is a foretaste of his major new book, sure to provoke widespread debate.

Stewart Brand.jpgStewart Brand: 4 environmental 'heresies'


Archived Weeks

September 6 - 12, 2015

Tuesday, September 8

Thursday, September 10

Friday, September 11


September 13 - 19, 2015

Monday, September 14

    • Topic: The Nature of Science & Sustainability and Our Future
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 1 (pgs. 9 - 21)
      • 100 Word Personal Reflection on John Francis Quote
    • Objectives:
      • Objectives:
      • Define the terms abiotic factors and biotic factors.
      • Understand the scientific method and the process of science.
      • Diagnose and illustrate some of the pressures on the global environment.
      • Articulate the concepts of sustainability and describe campus sustainability efforts.
      • TED - Worldchanging.com founder Alex Steffen argues that reducing humanity’s ecological footprint is incredibly vital now, as the western consumer lifestyle spreads to developing countries.

Tuesday, September 15

    • Topic: Chapter 1 Wrap-Up and Chapter 8 Preparation
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 8 (pgs. 188-213 Pre-Read)

Objectives:
      • Objectives:
      • Define the term sustainability.
      • Review Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Questions
      • Chapter 8 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • TED - The world's population will grow to 9 billion over the next 50 years -- and only by raising the living standards of the poorest can we check population growth. This is the paradoxical answer that Hans Rosling unveils at TED@Cannes using colorful new data display technology.

Saturday, September 19

    • Topic: Our World At Seven Billion
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 8 (pgs. 189 - 195)
      • Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Questions Due
      • Chapter 1 Quiz Due

Objectives:
      • Define the term IPAT Model.
      • Review Chapter 1 Multiple Choice Questions
      • Perceive the scope of human population growth.
      • Assess divergent views on population growth.
      • Evaluate how human population, affluence, and technology affect the environment.


September 21 - 26

Monday, September 21

    • Topic: Demography
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 8 (pgs. 196 - 202)

Objectives:
      • Define the term age pyramid.
      • Explain and apply the fundamentals of demography.
      • Outline and assess the concept of demographic transition.


Tuesday, September 22

    • Topic: Population and Society
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 8 (pgs. 202 - 210)
      • China's Reproductive Policy writing assignment in Google Classroom

    • Objectives:
      • Define the terms total fertility rate (TFR) and replacement fertility.
      • Describe how family planning, the status of women, and wealth and poverty programs affect population growth.
      • Characterize the dimensions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
      • TED - Around the world right now, one billion people are trapped in poor or failing countries. How can we help them? Economist Paul Collier lays out a bold, compassionate plan for closing the gap between rich and poor.



Thursday, September 24

    • Topic: Chapter 8 Wrap-Up and Chapter 6 Preparation
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 6 (pgs. 132-157 Pre-Read)
      • Chapter 8 Multiple Choice Questions Due
      • Chapter 8 Quiz Due

    • Objectives:
      • Review Chapter 8 Multiple Choice Questions
      • Chapter 6 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • TED - We're at a unique moment in history, says UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown: we can use today's interconnectedness to develop our shared global ethic -- and work together to confront the challenges of poverty, security, climate change and the economy.



Friday, September 25

    • Topic: Culture, Worldview, and the Environment & Environmental Ethics
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 6 (pgs. 132 - 140)

    • Objectives:
      • Define the term anthropocentrism.
      • Characterize the influences of culture and worldview on the choices people make.
      • Outline the nature and historical expansion of ethics in Western cultures.
      • Compare the major approaches in environmental ethics.

September 28 - October 3


Monday, September 28

    • Topic: Economics: Approaches and Environmental Implications I
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 6 (pgs. 141 - 150)

    • Objectives:
      • Define the term environmental justice.
      • Explain how our economies exist within the environment and rely on ecosystem services.
      • Describe principles of classical and neoclassical economics and summarize their implications for the environment.


Tuesday, September 29

    • Topic: Economics: Approaches and Environmental Implications II
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 6 (pgs.150 - 157)

    • Objectives:
      • Define the terms Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI).
      • Illustrate aspects of environmental economics and ecological economics.
      • Describe how individuals and businesses can help move our economic system in a sustainable direction.
      • Explain the pursuit of sustainable development.
      • TED - At his carpet company, Ray Anderson has increased sales and doubled profits while turning the traditional "take / make / waste" industrial system on its head. In a gentle, understated way, he shares a powerful vision for sustainable commerce.



Thursday, October 1

    • Topic: Chapter 6 Wrap-Up and Chapter 7 Preparation

    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 7 (pgs.161-184 Pre-Read)
      • Chapter 6 Multiple Choice Questions Due
      • Chapter 6 Quiz Due

    • Objectives:
      • Review Chapter 6 Multiple Choice Questions
      • Chapter 6 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • The Story of Stuff, originally released in December 2007, is a 20-minute, fast-paced, fact-filled look at the underside of our production and consumption patterns. The Story of Stuff exposes the connections between a huge number of environmental and social issues, and calls us together to create a more sustainable and just world. It’ll teach you something, it’ll make you laugh,...
      • TED - In the Gulf oil spill's aftermath, Lisa Margonelli says drilling moratoriums and executive ousters make for good theater, but distract from the issue at its heart: our unrestrained oil consumption. She shares her bold plan to wean America off of oil -- by confronting consumers with its real cost.




Friday, October 2

    • Topic: Environmental Policy: An Overview & Science and the Environmental Policy Process
    • Homework:
      • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 7 (pgs.161 - 169)

    • Objectives:
      • Define the term environmental impact statement (EIS).
      • Describe environmental policy and assess its societal context.
      • Discuss the role of science in policymaking.


October 5 - October 9

Monday, October 5

  • Topic: U.S. Environmental Policy

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 7 (pgs.169- 178)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term World Trade Organization (WTO).
    • List the institutions involved with international environmental policy and describe how nations handle transboundary issues.
    • Categorize the different approaches to environmental policy.



Tuesday, October 6

  • Topic: Approaches to Environmental Policy & International Environmental Policy
  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 7 (pgs. 178 - 184)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    • Identify the institutions important to U.S. environmental policy and recognize major U.S. environmental laws
    • TED - In an emotionally charged talk, MacArthur-winning activist Majora Carter details her fight for environmental justice in the South Bronx -- and shows how minority neighborhoods suffer most from flawed urban policy.




Thursday, October 8

  • Topic: Chapter 7 Wrap-Up & Chapter 24 Preparation

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 24 (pgs. 677 - 686)
    • Chapter 7 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 7 Quiz Due

  • Objectives:
    • Review Chapter 7 Multiple Choice Questions
    • Chapter 24 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
    • TED - Less than 10% of plastic trash is recycled -- compared to almost 90% of metals -- because of the massively complicated problem of finding and sorting the different kinds. Frustrated by this waste, Mike Biddle has developed a cheap and incredibly energy efficient plant that can, and does, recycle any kind of plastic.





Friday, October 9

  • Topic: Sustainability and Sustainable Development & Strategies for Sustainability

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 24 (pgs. 665 - 670)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term affluenza.
    • Explain the concept of sustainable development.
    • Discuss how environmental protection can enhance economic well-being.
    • Assess key approaches to designing sustainable solutions.
    • Catalytic Converter Deconstructed: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmtFp-SV0tY


October 12 - 16, 2015

Monday, October 12

  • Topic: Precious Time

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 24 (pgs. 670 - 671)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term globalization.
    • Explain how time is limited yet human potential to solve problems is tremendous.
    • TED - Accepting his 2005 TED Prize, photographer Edward Burtynsky: My wish: Manufactured landscapes and green education makes a wish: that his images -- stunning landscapes that document humanity's impact on the world -- help persuade millions to join a global conversation on sustainability.


Tuesday, October 13

  • Topic: APES Free Response Practice

  • Homework:
    • Complete all owed Homework

  • Objectives:
    • Practice writing of responses to FRQ - Students will hone their essay-writing and problem-solving skills by practicing previously administered free-response questions.


Thursday, October 15

  • Topic: Unit 1 Test


  • Homework:
    • Chapter 24 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 24 Quiz Due


Friday, October 16


  • Go over Unit 1 Exam



October 19 - 24, 2015

Monday, October 19

  • Topic: Matter, Chemistry, and the Environment & Energy: An Introduction

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 2 (pgs. 22 - 33)
    • Which worldview is closest to your own? - A writing exercise found in Google Classroom

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the terms law of conservation of matter, autotroph and heterotroph.
    • Explain the fundamentals of environmental chemistry and apply them to real-world situations.
    • Differentiate among the types of energy and explain the basics of energy flow.
    • Distinguish photosynthesis, respiration, and chemosynthesis, and summarize their importance to living things.



Tuesday, October 20

  • Topic: Geology: The Physical Basis For Environmental Science

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 2 (pgs. 33 - 39)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the terms lithosphere and rock cycle.
    • Explain how plate tectonics and the rock cycle shape the landscape around us and the earth beneath our feet.
    • TED – In the deepest, darkest parts of the oceans are ecosystems with more diversity than a tropical rainforest. Taking us on a voyage into the ocean -- from the deepest trenches to the remains of Titanic -- marine biologist David Gallo explores the wonder and beauty of marine life.




October 26 - 31, 2015


Tuesday, October 27

  • Topic: Geology: Geological And Natural Hazards


  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 2 (pgs. 40 - 46)
    • Chapter 2 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 2 Quiz Due

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the term tsunami.
    • List the major types of geological hazards and describe ways to mitigate their impacts.
    • TED – As Vicki Arroyo says, it's time to prepare our homes and cities for our changing climate, with its increased risk of flooding, drought and uncertainty. She illustrates this inspiring talk with bold projects from cities all over the world -- local examples of thinking ahead.



Wednesday, October 28

  • Topic: Evolution as the Wellspring of Earth’s Biodiversity


  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 3... (pgs. 49 - 60)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the terms evolution and natural selection.
    • Explain the process of natural selection and cite evidence for this process.
    • Describe the ways in which evolution influences biodiversity.
    • Discuss reasons for species extinction and mass extinction events.



Thursday, October 29

  • Topic: Levels of Ecological Organization

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 3... (pgs. 60 - 61)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the terms ecosystems and niche.
    • List the levels of ecological organization.



Friday, October 30

  • Topic: Population Ecology & The Conservation of Biodiversity

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 3... (pgs. 61 - 71)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the terms survivorship curve, and biodiversity.
    • Outline the characteristics of populations that help predict population growth.
    • Assess logistic growth, carrying capacity, limiting factors, and other fundamental concepts in population ecology.
    • Identify efforts and challenges involved in the conservation of biodiversity.
    • TED -Convince just 100 key companies to go sustainable, and WWF's Jason Clay says global markets will shift to protect the planet our consumption has already outgrown. Hear how his extraordinary roundtables are getting big brand rivals to agree on green practices first -- before their products duke it out on store shelves.




November 2 - 7, 2015

Monday, November 2

  • Aaron Griffin and Andre Allen teach class
    • Brett Van Vort - e-mail Mr. Grant with who is missing from Class
    • James Scharpf - collect Chapter 3 multiple choice and put on Mr. Grant's desk

  • Go through PowerPoint stopping as a class to answer questions (in RED) as posed in the presentation.
  • Take Notes.

  • Topic: Species Interactions

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 4... (pgs. 76 - 80)
    • Chapter 3 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 3 Quiz Due

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term resource partitioning.
    • Compare and contrast the major types of species interactions


Tuesday, November 3



  • Adam Frankel and James Scharpf teach class

    • Brett Van Vort - e-mail Mr. Grant with who is missing from Class

  • Go through PowerPoint stopping as a class to answer questions (in RED) as posed in the presentation.
  • Take Notes.

  • Topic: Ecological Communities

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 4... (pgs. 80 - 93)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the term trophic levels.
    • Characterize feeding relationships and energy flow, using them to construct trophic levels and food webs.
    • Distinguish characteristics of a keystone species.
    • Characterize succession, community change, and the debate over the nature of communities.
    • Perceive and predict the potential impacts of invasive species in communities.
    • Explain the goals and the methods of restoration ecology.



Thursday, November 5

  • Topic: Earth’s Biomes

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 4... (pgs. 93 - 100)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the term biome.
    • Describe and illustrate the terrestrial biomes of the world.


November 8 - 14, 2015


Monday, November 9


Tuesday, November 10

  • Topic: Ecosystems

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 5... (pgs. 110 - 116)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the terms gross primary production and net primary production.
    • Define ecosystems and evaluate how living and nonliving entities interact in ecosystem-level ecology.
    • Outline the fundamentals of landscape ecology, GIS, and ecological modeling.
    • Assess ecosystems services and how they benefit our lives.



Thursday, November 12

  • Topic: Biogeochemical Cycles

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 5... (pgs. 117 - 129)

  • Objectives:
    • Define the term biogeochemical cycles.
    • Compare and contrast how carbon, phosphorus, nitrogen, and water cycle through the environment.
    • Explain how human impact is affecting biogeochemical cycles
    • TED - If Earth is a self-regulating system, it's clear that human activity is capable of disrupting it. Johan Rockstrom has led a team of scientists to define the nine Earth systems that need to be kept within bounds for Earth to keep itself in balance.




Friday, November 13

  • Topic: Our Planet of Life

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 11... (pgs. 276 - 280)

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check
    • Define the term biological diversity.
    • Characterize the scope of biodiversity on Earth.
    • TED - In this brief talk from TED U 2009, Jonathan Drori encourages us to save biodiversity -- one seed at a time. Reminding us that plants support human life, he shares the vision of the Millennium Seed Bank, which has stored over 3 billion seeds to date from dwindling yet essential plant species


  • TED Video:
52734_254x191.jpgJonathan Drori: Why we're storing billions of seeds

November 16 - 19, 2015


Monday, November 16

  • Topic: Final Exam Preparation

  • Objectives:
    • Reading Mastery Check



Wednesday, November 18

  • Fall Trimester Final Exam
  • You will need to know the "Rule of 70" for the Final Exam...
  • Chapter 5 Multiple Choice and Chapter 5 On-Line Quiz Due
  • Chapter 11 Multiple Choice and Chapter 11 On-Line Quiz Due
  • Free Response Topics...
    • 1) Population. You will...
      • plot data on a graph
      • determine growth rates (i.e., number crunching)
      • indicate factors that account for death rate declines and the slowing of birth rates.
      • use the Rule of 70 to determine population size (number crunching)
    • 2) Extinction and Population Decline. You will...
      • identify and discuss specific threatened species
      • discuss characteristics of vulnerable populations
      • discuss the importance of biodiversity
      • identify a specific law


December 1 - 5, 2015

Tuesday, December 1

  • Topic: The Atmosphere & Climate Change
  • Homework:
    • None

  • Objectives:
    • Set up Unit 3 on Atmospheric Science and Climate Change
    • AP/non-AP Breakdown
    • Annotated Bibliography project

Thursday, December 3


  • Topic: The Atmosphere


  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 17 (pgs. 448 - 456)

  • Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Annotated Bibliography project
    • Define the terms weather and climate.
    • Describe the composition, structure, and function of Earth’s atmosphere.
    • Relate weather and climate to atmospheric conditions.
    • TED - In 4 minutes, atmospheric chemist Rachel Pike provides a glimpse of the massive scientific effort behind the bold headlines on climate change, with her team -- one of thousands who contributed -- taking a risky flight over the rainforest in pursuit of data on a key molecule.


Friday, December 4


  • Topic: Outdoor Air Quality
  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 17 (pgs. 456 - 468)

  • Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Define the terms primary pollutant and secondary pollutant.
    • Identify major pollutants, outline the scope of outdoor air pollution and assess potential solutions.



Monday, December 7


  • Topic: Ozone Depletion & Recovery / Acid Deposition


  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 17 (pgs. 468 - 475)

  • Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Define the term Montreal Protocol
    • Explain stratospheric ozone depletion and identify steps taken to address it.
    • Define acidic deposition and illustrate its consequences.





Tuesday, December 8

  • Topic: Evaluating sources online through Google research
    • Mrs. Kidwell will teach the class



  • Objectives:
    • Become familiar with utilizing Google Scholar




Thursday, December 10

  • Topic: Indoor Air Quality

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 17 (pgs. 475 - 478)

  • Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Define the term sick-building syndrome.
    • Characterize the scope of indoor air pollution and assess potential solutions.
    • TED - Fumes from indoor cooking fires kill more than 2 million children a year in the developing world. MIT engineer Amy Smith details an exciting but simple solution: a tool for turning farm waste into clean-burning charcoal.




Friday, December 11


  • Topic: Our Dynamic Climate

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 18 (pgs. 484 - 492)

  • Objectives:
    • Chapter 17 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 17 Quiz Due
    • Mastery Check... video notes
    • Define the terms greenhouse effect and Milankovitch cycle.
    • Describe Earth’s climate system and explain the many factors influencing global climate.
    • Characterize human influences on the atmosphere and climate.
    • Supplementary: What makes Earth habitable? What exactly explains climate change? LiveScience.com explores the science of global warming and shows how conditions here on Earth came to be "just right."





Monday, December 14


  • Topic: Current and Future Trends and Impacts

  • Homework:
    • Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 18 (pgs. 492 - 506)

  • Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Define the term proxy indicators.
    • Define the term Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
    • Summarize how researchers study climate
    • Outline current and future trends and impacts of global climate change.

  • PowerPoint:

Tuesday, December 15


Unit 4: Agriculture, Land, Soil, and Urban Issues


Tuesday, January 5, 2015

    1. Topic: Chapter 9 Preparation
    2. Unit Plan #4:
    3. Chapter 9 Multiple Choice:
    4. TED Video:
    5. Ellen Gustafson.jpgEllen Gustafson: Obesity + hunger = 1 global food issue

    6. Michael Silverstein.jpgMichael Silverstein: The fut


      ure of food

Thursday, January 7, 2015

    1. Topic: Soil: The Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture & Soil as a System
    2. Reading: Withgott & Laposata,Chapter 9 (pgs. 216- 221)
    3. PowerPoint:
    4. Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Define the terms industrialized agriculture and monoculture.
    • Explain the importance of soils to agriculture.
    • Outline major historical developments in agriculture.
    • Delineate the fundamentals of soil science, including soil formation and soil properties.

Friday, January 8, 2015

    1. Topic: Soil: Conserving Soil
    2. Reading: Withgott & Laposata,Chapter 9 (pgs. 222- 232)
    3. PowerPoint:
    4. Objectives:
    • Define the terms desertification.and salinization
    • Analyze the causes and impacts of soil erosion and land degradation.
    • Explain the principles of soil conservation and provide solutions to soil erosion and land degradation.

Monday, January 11

    1. Topic: Watering and Fertilizing Crops & Agricultural Policy
    2. Reading: Withgott & Laposata,Chapter 9 (pgs. 232- 239)
    3. PowerPoint:
    4. Objectives:
    • All Chapter 17 & 18 Owed Work Due
    • Define the terms crop rotation and contour farming.
    • Describes techniques of watering and fertilizing crops, and offer more sustainable alternatives.
    • Summarize major policy approaches for pursuing soil conservation and sustainable agriculture.


Tuesday, January 12

    1. Topic: The Race to Feed the World, Raising Animals For Food & Preserving Crop Diversity
    2. Reading: Withgott & Laposata,Chapter 10 (pgs. 245- 253)
    3. PowerPoint:
    4. Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Chapter 9 Multiple Choice Questions Due and Chapter 9 Quiz
    • Define the term food security.
    • Explain the challenge of feeding a growing human population.
    • Identify the goals, methods, and consequences of the “Green Revolution.”
    • Assess how we raise animals for food.
    • Describe approaches for preserving crop diversity.

Thursday, January 14

  • Topic: Catch-Up Day

Friday, January 15

  • Topic: Conserving Pollinators and Controlling Pests & Organic Agriculture

  • Reading: Withgott & Laposata,Chapter 10 (pgs. 254- 260)
  • PowerPoint:
  • Objectives:
    • Define the term seed banks.
    • Discuss the importance of pollination.
    • Explore strategies for pest management.
    • Analyze the nature, growth, and potential of organic agriculture.
    • TED -At TEDxTelAviv, Shimon Steinberg looks at the difference between pests and bugs -- and makes the case for using good bugs to fight bad bugs, avoiding chemicals in our quest for perfect produce.
TED Video:

Tuesday, January 19

  1. Topic: Genetically Modified Food & Sustainable Food Production
  2. Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 10 (pgs. 261- 270)
  3. PowerPoint:
  4. Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • TED Notes Due
    • Define the term genetically modified (GM) organisms.
    • Describe the science behind genetic engineering.
    • Evaluate the public debate over genetically modified food.
    • Summarize pathways to sustainable agriculture.
    • TED - Louise Fresco shows us why we should celebrate mass-produced, supermarket-style white bread. She says environmentally sound mass production will feed the world, yet leave a role for small bakeries and traditional methods.
  5. Louise_Fresco.jpgLouise Fresco on feeding the whole world


Thursday, January 21

  1. Objective:
    • Practice writing of responses to FRQ - Students will hone their essay-writing and problem-solving skills by practicing previously administered free-response questions.

Friday, January 22

  1. Topic: Forest Ecosystems and Forest Resources, Forest Loss & Forest Management (Part 1)
  2. Homework:
    • Chapter 10 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 10 Quiz Due
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 12 (pgs. 308 - 323
  3. PowerPoint:
  4. Objectives:
    • Define the term maximum sustainable yield.
    • Summarize the ecological roles and economic contributions of forests.
    • AOL.Com – The forest in Borneo, Sumatra, is the home of the orangutan. But 80% of their habitat has been lost in the last twenty years, due to illegal logging and forest fires. (4:48)
    • Forest Loss, El Nino and Fires All Put Orangutans at Risk


Monday, January 25

  1. Topic: Forest Ecosystems and Forest Resources, Forest Loss & Forest Management (Part 2)
  2. Homework:
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 12 (pgs. 308 - 323

  3. PowerPoint:
  4. Objectives:
    • Mastery Check
    • Outline the history and current scale of deforestation.
    • Assess aspects of forest management and describe methods of harvesting timber.


  1. TED Video: By piecing together a complex ecological puzzle, biologist Willie Smits has found a way to re-grow clear cut rainforest in Borneo, saving local orangutans -- and creating a thrilling blueprint for restoring fragile ecosystems.


Tuesday, January 26


    • Topic: Parks And Protected Areas
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 12 (pgs. 323 - 332)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • TED Notes Due
      • Define the term Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
      • Identify federal land management agencies and the lands they manage.
      • Recognize types of parks and protected areas and evaluate issues involved in their design.
      • TED - In his home of Namibia, John Kasaona is working on an innovative way to protect endangered animal species: giving nearby villagers (including former poachers) responsibility for caring for the animals. And it's working.


Thursday, January 28

  • Topic: Chapter 13 Preparation
  • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 13(pgs. 335- 355)
  • PowerPoint:
  • Objectives:
    • Chapter 12 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 12 On-Line Quiz Due
    • Chapter 13 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
    • TED – How can cities help save the future? Alex Steffen shows some cool neighborhood-based green projects that expand our access to things we want and need -- while reducing the time we spend in cars.
  • Alex Steffen.jpgAlex Steffen: The shareable future of cities

Friday, January 29

Monday, February 1


  • TED Video:
  1. Farms could cover the city: Anastasia Cole Plakias and Cara Chard

  • Cara Chard.jpg


Tuesday, February 2


  • Topic: Urban Sustainability
  • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 13 (pgs. 350- 354)
  • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Define the terms greenways and smart growth
      • Analyze environmental impacts and advantages of urban centers.
      • Assess urban ecology, green building efforts, and the pursuit of sustainable cities.
      • TED - Jaime Lerner reinvented urban space in his native Curitiba, Brazil. Along the way, he changed the way city planners worldwide see what’s possible in the metropolitan landscape.
    • Jaime_Lerner.jpgJaime Lerner sings of the city


Thursday, February 4

  • Chapter 13 Multiple Choice Questions Due
  • Chapter 13 On-Line Quiz Due
  • Catch-up and review for Unit 4 exam

Friday, February 5

  • Unit 4 Exam
    • Chapters 9, 10, 12, and 13
    • 40 multiple choice questions... 13 new... 27 "you've seen before"
    • Be very familiar with Figures 9.6, 10.9, 12.9, and 13.11
    • Free Response is about GM crops
      • There will be some number-crunching.
      • Know positive and negative economic / environmental consequences of GM crops.
      • Know environmental practices that lead to healthy soil quality.
      • Know advantages of locally grown food.

Unit 5 - Water Issues

Tuesday, February 9


Thursday, February 11



Friday, February 12


Monday, February 15


Tuesday, February 16


Thursday, February 18

    • Chapter 15 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 15 On-Line Quiz Due
    • Topic: Chapter 16 Preparation
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 16 (pgs. 420 - 447)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Review Chapter 15 Multiple Choice Questions/Take Quiz
      • Chapter 16 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • TED - David Gallo shows jaw-dropping footage of amazing sea creatures, including a color-shifting cuttlefish, a perfectly camouflaged octopus, and a Times Square's worth of neon light displays from fish who live in the blackest depths of the ocean.
    • 24104_254x191.jpgDavid Gallo shows underwater astonishments


Friday, February 19

    • Topic: The Oceans
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 15 (419 - 426)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Mastery Check
      • Define the terms photic zone, pelagic zone and benthic zone.
      • Identify physical, geographical, chemical, and biological aspects of the marine environment.
      • Explain how the oceans influence, and are influenced by, climate.


Monday, February 22


Tuesday, February 23

    • Topic: Marine Pollution
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 15 (432 - 437)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Define the term pelagic zone.
      • Assess impacts from marine pollution.
      • TED - Capt. Charles Moore of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation first discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch -- an endless floating waste of plastic trash. Now he's drawing attention to the growing, choking problem of plastic debris in our seas.
      • Charles_Moore.jpgCapt. Charles Moore On The Seas of Plastic


Thursday, February 25

Friday, February 26

Saturday, February 27

  • Topic: Review and Winter Term Final Practice II

Monday, March 2


Tuesday, March 1

    • Winter Term Final Exam (Units 3, 4, and 5)
      • Part 1 (Multiple Choice Section)
        • Effort Grade and Comment Reflection
        • 100 Multiple Choice (multiple versions)
          • 1-50 You’ve seen before
          • 10 from Unit 3
          • 20 from Unit 4
          • 20 from Unit 5
        • Be familiar with the following "Figures" from the book...
          • Figure 17.5 (pg. 453)
          • Figure 3 (pg. 495)
          • Figure 15.7 (pg. 395)
      • Part 2 (Free-Response)
        • Sewage Treatment and Law
          • Figure 15.26 (pg. 415)
        • Commercial Fishing Practices/Issues/Law


Unit 6: Humans and their Environmental Impact

Tuesday, March 22

    • Topic: Winter Term Final Exam Follow-Up & Chapter 14 Preparation
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 14 (358 - 384)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Hand back and discuss winter term final exam.
      • Prep Unit 6 with class.
      • Chapter 14 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • TED - Break down the oil slick, keep it off the shores: that's grounds for pumping toxic dispersant into the Gulf, say clean-up overseers. Susan Shaw shows evidence it's sparing some beaches only at devastating cost to the health of the deep sea.
    • TED Video:
    • Susan_Shaw.jpgSusan Shaw: The oil spill's toxic trade-off



Friday, March 25


Monday, March 28


Tuesday, March 29


Thursday, March 31


    • Chapter 14 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 14 On-Line Quiz Due
    • Topic: Chapter 22 Preparation & APES Multiple Choice Practice
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Chapter 22 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • Students will hone their multiple-choice solving skills by practicing previously administered APES multiple choice questions.

Friday, April 1


Monday, April 4


Thursday, April 7



Friday, April 8

    • Chapter 22 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 22 On-Line Quiz Due
    • Topic: Chapter 23 Preparation & APES Multiple Choice Practice
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives:
      • Chapter 23 Pre-Reading: In class exercise to help activate background knowledge, make connections, stimulate predictions, and form a purpose for reading.
      • Students will hone their multiple-choice solving skills by practicing previously administered APES multiple choice questions.
    • TED - Your mobile phone, computer and game console have a bloody past — tied to tantalum mining, which funds the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Drawing on his personal story, activist and refugee Bandi Mbubi gives a stirring call to action.
  • Bandi Mbubi.jpgBandi Mbubi: Demand a fair trade cell phone (9:21)


Monday, April 11



Tuesday, April 12

Unit 7: Energy Issues


Tuesday, April 19

    • Chapter 23 Multiple Choice Questions Due
    • Chapter 23 On-Line Quiz Due
    • Students will hone their multiple-choice solving skills by practicing previously administered APES multiple choice questions.
    • Topic: Sources of Energy & Fossil Fuels and Their Extraction (Part 1)
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 19 (519- 536)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the term fossil fuels.
      • Identify the energy sources that we use.
      • Describe the nature and origin of coal, and evaluate its extraction and use.
      • Describe the nature and origin of natural gas, and evaluate its extraction and use.

Wednesday, April 20

    • Topic: Fossil Fuels and Their Extraction (Part 2)
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 19 (524- 536)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the terms primary extraction and secondary extraction.
      • Describe the nature and origin of crude oil, and evaluate its extraction, use, and future depletion.
      • Describe the nature, origin, and potential of alternative fossil fuels.

Friday, April 22

    • Topic: Addressing Impacts of Fossil Fuel Use (Part 1)
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 19 (536- 546)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the term acid drainage.
      • Outline and assess environmental impacts of fossil fuel use and explore potential solutions.
      • Evaluate the political, social, and economic impacts of fossil fuel use.
      • TED - Rob Hopkins reminds us that the oil our world depends on is steadily running out. He proposes a unique solution to this problem -- the Transition response, where we prepare ourselves for life without oil and sacrifice our luxuries to build systems and communities that are completely independent of fossil fuels.
    • Rob Hopkins.jpgTransition To A World Without Oil




Monday, April 25


Friday, April 22

    • Alternatives to Fossil Fuels & Nuclear Power
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 20 (553- 566)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the terms nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
      • Discuss the reasons for seeking alternatives to fossil fuels
      • Summarize the contributions to world energy supplies of conventional alternatives to fossil fuels
      • Describe nuclear energy and how it is harnessed
      • Outline the societal debate over nuclear power
      • TED - Physicist Steven Cowley is certain that nuclear fusion is the only truly sustainable solution to the fuel crisis. He explains why fusion will work -- and details the projects that he and many others have devoted their lives to, working against the clock to create a new source of energy.

Steven Cowley.jpgFusion is Energy's Future


Tuesday, April 26


Thursday, April 28

    • Topic: Wind Power & Geothermal Energy
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 21 (594- 600)
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the term ground source heat pumps (GSHPs).
      • Describe wind power and how we harness it, and evaluate its benefits and drawbacks.
      • Describe geothermal energy and the ways we make use of it, and assess its advantages and disadvantages.

Friday, April 29

    • Topic: Ocean Energy Sources & Hydrogen
    • Reading: Withgott & Laposata, Chapter 21 (600- 605) PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • Define the term ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC).
      • Describe ocean energy sources and how we could harness them.
      • Explain hydrogen fuel cells and weigh options for energy storage and transportation.

Monday, May 2

    • APES College Board Exam

Tuesday, May 3

    • Topic: Seeking Solutions
    • PowerPoint:
    • Objectives
      • TED - The man who helped usher in the environmental movement in the 1960s and '70s has been rethinking his positions on cities, nuclear power, genetic modification and geo-engineering. This talk at the US State Department is a foretaste of his major new book, sure to provoke widespread debate.

Stewart Brand.jpgStewart Brand: 4 environmental 'heresies'





Archived Chapter Multiple Choices:


Unit 1




Unit 2



Unit 3



Unit 4






Unit 5




Unit 6



Unit 7






2011-12 Class Pictures and Activity:


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September 23, 2011: Hyde Alumni Scott Marlow Visits


Scott Marlow `81 visited and spoke to the APES classes about his work as Farm Sustainability Program Director of the Rural Advancement Foundation International (RAFI). RAFI's mission is to work each day to make a better world for farmers and rural communities around the world. Scott spoke with passion and enthusiasm about his work to help save small farmers in the southeastern USA and enlightened the students with information on the tension between large factory farms and this country's small farmers.
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Unit 6:


Dimitar_Sasselov.jpgDimitar Sasselov: How We Found Hundreds of Potential Earth-Like Planets (18:31)

Corneille_Ewango.jpgCorneille Ewango Is A Hero of The Congo Forest (18:21)


Peter_Ward.jpgPeter Ward On Earth's Mass Extinctions (19:39)


Mechai Viravaidya: How Mr. Condom Made Thailand a Better Place


The Precautionary Principle

The Story of Stuff

Garth Lenz: The True Cost of Oil

Human Cost of Mining in DR Congo



Year Review



Unit 6 - Humans and their Environmental Impact